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Included are photographs dating from the late s of traditional Chinese associations and more recent community activities. These images showcase once thriving businesses, educational and religious efforts, and familial milestones. A former Stockton City Council member and community activist, she is a member of several Chinese-American organizations throughout the state.
Please wait while your product is added to the cart. The courthouse burned in , and it was replaced by a brick courthouse covered in concrete, completed in now home to the Lake County Historic Courthouse Museum, and listed in the NRHP. The town of Lakeport was incorporated on 30 April Tourism focused on various activities on and around Clear Lake, especially the numerous mineral and hot springs found throughout the County, which were widely advertised for their healthful qualities. Ferry steamers transported locals and tourists from town to town around the lake.
Elaborate hotels and retreats were built throughout the region, in some of the most remote, mountainous areas, if they were located near the popular mineral springs. Although planned, the Clear Lake Railroad never made it to Lake County, and tourists therefore traveled from population centers often for several days to get to these resorts. Trips to these resorts often lasted weeks, and in some cases for months.
Wealthy visitors from San Francisco and other parts of the world frequented these resorts, traveling to take in the healthful effects of the mineral springs and indulge in lavish parties. Many of the springs ran dry by the s, and forest fires destroyed many of the resorts that survived. Circa —, the Clear Lake Water Company was authorized to build a dam across Cache Creek, which was the natural overflow outlet for Clear Lake, thus controlling and altering the level of the waters of Clear Lake Carpenter and Millbury — The company then erected a woolen mill, flourmill, and lumber, sawing, and planning mills that would be able to manufacture all milled wood needed to supply the growing county.
The lake level rose several feet above the highest ever before known, flooding Main Street in Lakeport, all the lowlands around the lake, and caused damage to orchards, crops, and houses. During the following summer, the lake had receded a mere 2 feet, leaving stagnant pools of water in many places. Malaria and other sicknesses prevailed to an alarming extent, and seven children in one family alone died from diphtheria. The Cache Creek Dam was not rebuilt until At the conclusion of the Gold Rush, some miners returned to the county to prospect precious minerals and settle permanently.
As early as , quicksilver cinnabar, or mercury was mined in considerable amounts throughout Lake County, the principal mines of which were the Great Western and Sulphur Bank Mines, both of which were profitable and employed numerous miners for many years. Gold, silver, copper, borax, sulphur, and asbestos, were among other mineral resources mined in the region Lewis Publishing Company Borax was extensively exported from the county, chiefly a product extracted from Borax Lake, near Lower Lake.
Low grade gold and silver-bearing quartz was mined at several localities in the county; in the vicinity of Mount St. Natural gas was also discovered in several localities in the region, near Kelseyville and Upper Lake. More than half of Lake County is covered with rugged mountains and timbered with pine, spruce, and oak. Logging near Clear Lake and Lakeport was never a prominent activity, as much of the timber supplied to the area was brought from the Cobb Mountain area of southern Lake County, and from north of Upper Lake. Transporting lumber to and from Lake County was cost-prohibitive during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century because no railroad was ever constructed into Lake County from the major lumber producing regions.
Heavy loads of lumber had to be transported over steep hills with ox teams to reach their destination, which could be as much as miles away. For this reason, much of the lumber cut and milled in the area was used to construct buildings and structures in Lake County, primarily in the communities around Clear Lake. Prather Lumber Company used a narrow gauge short line railroad with a gasoline-powered engine to haul lumber to a small mill north of Upper Lake and this was the only rail line to operate in Lake County.
Once the wood was milled, wagons hauled it to Lakeport.
In addition to local lumber, readily available volcanic and igneous rock found in the region, such as tuff vesicular lava , rhyolite, basalt, andesite, and limestone, were also commonly used for construction during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century Perazzo and Perazzo The sawmill burned by , and owing to timber being nearly completely removed, the mill was never rebuilt.
Following this approach, numerous sawmills were erected in the mountains where timber was plentiful, and once it had been harvested usually within 20 years the mills were dismantled and moved to the next location for harvesting and milling.
In , J. Bateman and M. Young constructed a steam-powered mill on Bartlett Mountain known as the Pine Mountain Mill, and claimed to produce 10, board feet of lumber per day Griner It was bought and moved in These mills typically hauled their product to the towns of Upper Lake and Lakeport for sale and distribution. Wilbur W. One of the products of his mill were thin boards for making commercial fruit shipping boxes and field lug boxes Griner The lumber mill was still operational at Elk Mountain in , although Prather ceased operations at the Lakeport lumberyard by —, following the death of his father, Dr.
Prather on November 1, Griner ; Morgan Lake County was primarily an agricultural region throughout much of the late nineteenth and early to mid-twentieth centuries. Commerce shifted from generalized farming, livestock, and vineyards in the mids to Bartlett pears and walnut orchards. Pears were first planted in the region in the s, and some of the same orchards remain in production today Lake County Marketing and Economic Development Program n. Thomas Porteus is credited for planting the first commercial pear orchard in Lake County on 4 acres in Big Valley.
Lendenin planted orchards in Scotts Valley, J. Laughlin and George Akers maintained orchards in Kelseyville, and J. Annette planted orchards in Finley. Absence of railroads made it impossible for Lake County to ship fresh pears anywhere but to local markets in Ukiah, Mendocino County, and Calistoga, Napa County.
In , 85, tons of pears were processed in Lake County, most of which were produced in Kelseyville. In , acclaimed British actress Lillie Langtry purchased acreage in Guenoc Valley near Middletown, which included vineyards that had been planted in In , Charles M. The decline of local tourism during the rebuilding period after the earthquake in San Francisco, and Prohibition of alcohol in the United States between and under the Eighteenth Amendment, combined to bring an end to what had become an internationally recognized wine industry in Lake County.
Farmers were forced to replace their grapevines with walnuts, pears, and other fruit trees, while others who were more financially hard-pressed lost their farms altogether.
However, winemaking did not blossom in Lake County until the s with the discovery that the thousands of acres of chaparral growing on almost pure red volcanic ash grew some of the finest chardonnay grapes in the world. Land that in the late s might have sold for a little as a few hundred dollars per acres soon was worth a fortune as brush was ripped out and grapes planted. As a result, more than 8, ac of vineyards are planted today Lake County Marketing and Economic Development Program n.
The only fabricated feature within the APE at this time was an approximately ac vegetable garden with a light distribution of residences nearby, c. Smith, R.
Temple of Kwan Tai | Revolvy
A review of Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps covering portions of southern Lakeport provides a glimpse into the types of businesses that existed within the APE from — , including lumber mills. In , a lumber shed of unknown name existed on the corner of Second and Main streets a short distance north of the APE, but it does not appear to have operated as a mill Sanborn Map and Publishing Company, Ltd Sheet 1.
The map does not extend south to the APE. The F. The map also depicts a Chinese and other residences within the APE near the southeastern corner. The vegetable garden may have belonged to these Chinese squatters Mauldin In , the Lakeport Planning Mill had been constructed at the northeast corner of Main and Martin streets within the boundaries of the APE, with a large planning mill shop and three large storage barns of lumber available Sanborn Map Company Sheets 6 and 7; see Photoplate By , the W.
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The office that was present at that time was a different size, shape, configuration than that of the subject building. By January , the lumber mill located within the APE had been expanded to include additional lumber storage barns, a new planning mill facility, and a new office Sanborn Map Company Sheet 9; Photoplate The new office building depicted in the edition was the same size, shape, and configuration as the subject building of this study.
However, by , the W. According to genealogical sources available through www. At the U. The U. Census listed Dana Rice listed as living on Main Street where he owned a planning mill and was a woodworker.